Born on 23 September 1964, in Zugdidi.
Mr Turava graduated with honours from the Law Faculty of Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (1990). He studied at the Faculty of State and Law of Friedrich Schiller University Jena (1989–1990). During 1990-1991 he was a post-graduate student at the Law Faculty of Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University.
Mr Turava pursued doctoral studies at the Law Faculty of Humboldt University of Berlin and was a research fellow at the Institute of Criminal Law (1992–1997). He defended his doctoral thesis and was awarded the degree of Doctor of Law by the Law Faculty of Berlin University.
He was an assistant Professor at the Law Faculty of Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, and a member of the board of the training centre for judges at the Ministry of Justice of Georgia and a tutor of criminal law at the training centre (1998–2005).
Mr Turava was a member of the Working Group that elaborated the draft Criminal Code of Georgia within the State Commission of Legal Reform of Georgia (1998–2001).
He was an expert of the judicial training project of TACIC-EU (1999–2001).
He was an expert of the International Committee of Red Cross (ICRC) working on the compatibility of the legislation of Georgia with the Statute of the International Criminal Court (the Rome Statute) and implementation of the Rome Statute in cooperation with German Professor Claus Kress (2001–2003).
During 2001-2004 he was a head of the Working Group elaborating the draft Criminal Procedure Code within the Interagency Commission of Institutional Reform of the System of Security and Law-enforcement Agencies.
In 2002 Mr Turava was a research fellow in international criminal law at Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law in Freiburg.
Mr Turava served as a judge at the Chamber of Criminal Cases of the Supreme Court of Georgia (1999-2006). He presided over the Chamber of Criminal Cases and was a Vice-President of the Supreme Court of Georgia (2000-2005).
During 1998-2005 he conducted several study visits - to the German Judicial Academy in Wustrau, the Academy of European Law in Trier, the the Federal Constitutional and Supreme Courts of Germany, the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland, international and European courts.
Mr Turava participated in the Fifth International Conference of the Chief Justices of the World in Lucknow, India (December 2004).
He was an associate Professor at the Law Faculty of Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (2005–2008). He was a Professor at the School of Law and Head of the Criminal Law Department at the School of Law of the University of Georgia (2007–2012).
During 2003-2010 Mr Turava was on an academic mission to the Universities of Berlin, Jena and Basel (2003-2010). He also participated in an academic project on criminal law implemented in partnership with Friedrich Schiller University Jena and Humboldt University of Berlin (2006-2011).
Mr Turava was an Academic Director of a research project for the Development of European Criminal Law in Georgia implemented within Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation (2008–2009).
He participated in research on the compatibility of Georgian legislation with framework decisions of the European Union carried out by the Georgian–European Policy and Legal Advice Centre (GEPLAC) (2008).
He was a Visiting Professor and Research Scholar of Alexander von Humboldt Foundation at the research institutes of the law faculties of Humboldt University of Berlin, Friedrich Schiller University Jena and the University of Cologne (2011-2013).
Mr Turava is a member of the Criminal Justice Reform Interagency Coordination Council of Georgia (since 2012).
Mr Turava is a Professor at the Law Faculty of Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University and the School of Law of Grigol Robakidze University (since January 2013). He was appointed the Director of the Institute of Comparative and Transnational Criminal Law at the Law Faculty of Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University on August 5, 2013. Mr Turava delivers lectures in criminal law, international criminal law and European criminal law.
Mr Merab Turava was elected the member of the Constitutional Court of Georgia by the Parliament of Georgia on March 20, 2015. He started to exercise the authority of the judge on March 30, 2015, from the day of oath-taking.
He was elected as the Secretary of the Constitutional Court of Georgia by the Plenum of the Constitutional Court on November 2, 2016.
On January 12, 2018, by the Decision of the Plenum of the Constitutional Court of Georgia, he was elected as a Vice-President of the Constitutional Court of Georgia and a Chairman of the First Board.
On June 25, 2020, Mr Merab Turava was elected as the President of the Constitutional Court by the Plenum of the Constitutional Court of Georgia.
He has authored numerous manuals and academic articles.
Mr Merab Turava speaks native Georgian and has an excellent command of German and Russian languages.
Mr Merab Turava has a spouse and three children.